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The Searchers (1956)

I consider this to be the greatest film that John Ford ever directed, and that is saying something I think because John Ford made so many fine films during his long career. He was one of the best directors of Western films there has ever been as far as I’m concerned.

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John Wayne as Ethan. Screenshot by me.

When I watch a John Ford Western, I feel as though I have actually been transported back to that particular time period. Ford’s Western films really bring that era to life for us. I consider this film to be a real highpoint, not only in the Western genre, but also in Ford’s film career. This film is also one of the best films to come out of Warner Brothers Studios during the 1950’s. This film is dark, complex, exciting, epic and powerful.

For those who think John Wayne can’t act, I say that they should really watch this film.

Wayne delivers what is possibly his best performance here, as the complex, fearless, and endlessly fascinating Ethan Edwards.Wayne does such a superb job of conveying the inner workings of this man’s mind to us through his expressions alone.

There’s so much to enjoy in this film. The acting is terrific, the story is thrilling, moving and powerful. In short this film has something in it for everyone to be able to enjoy and marvel at.

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The Edward’s home ablaze. Screenshot by me.

The visuals in this film are absolutely stunning. So many scenes stand out to me in this film: That opening shot of the door. The sequences shot out in monument valley. Ethan’s reaction to seeing the burning home(surely an inspiration for George Lucas when he made Star Wars? I’m thinking specifically of the scene in Star Wars:A New Hope where Luke returns home to see his aunt and uncle, and instead finds their home ablaze). That unforgettable close up of Wayne’s face looking in horror, pity and disgust at a group of emotionally damaged white women rescued from captivity amongst American Indians.

 

The film is based on the 1954 novel by Alan Le May. I’ve yet to read the novel, but I am very eager to do so; apparently the ending of the novel is much bleaker than what we get in the film. It will be interesting to compare the book to the film.

I want to take a moment to mention my thoughts concerning the opening title sequence, and also that famous final shot of the film. The title sequence sees the opening credits play out against a backdrop of what looks like a wall. This wall consists of what looks like bricks or big slabs of stone. Homes and communities are of course built using such things.  I think that this was used to convey that the story we’re about to witness is one such story showing what happened during the time towns and communities were being built in the old west.

I’d also like to say a few words about the final scene of the film. I see the final shot as saying that the family we see here represent the future of the country of America. People like Ethan, and the violence and horror he causes, belong firmly in the America of the past. That family going into the home represent the civilised society of the future, and people like Ethan will find that they have no place in such a society.

Ethan Edwards(John Wayne)returns home to Texas, after fighting in the civil war. He goes to the home of his brother, Aaron(Walter Coy). We pick up instantly(without any dialogue to tell us)that Ethan and his sister in law Martha(Dorothy Jordan)are in love, and that they have been for some time.

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Lucy is terrified during the raid on her home. Screenshot by me.

Whilst Ethan is away one day with some neighbours, a Comanche raiding party led by Chief Scar(Henry Brandon)attacks the Edward’s home, burn it to ground, kill Aaron, Martha and their son, and kidnap their two daughters, Lucy(Pippa Scott)and Debbie(Lana Wood).

Ethan sets out to find his nieces. He is helped in his quest by half Indian Martin Pawley(Jeffrey Hunter)who was raised by Aaron and Martha as their son. Also along for the trek are the loveable Mose Harper(Hank Worden),fearless Reverend Clayton(Ward Bond)and Lucy’s boyfriend, Brad(Harry Carey Jr). Will they find the girls?

Many viewers call Ethan racist because of the attitude he displays towards the Native American Indians that he encounters. While his behaviour may seem racist to us today, I actually think that is not the case at all. 

During the scene where Martha tells Debbie to hide in the family graveyard during the raid, make sure you pause the DVD just before she sits in front of the headstones. These graves she sits beside are her grandparents(Ethan and Aaron’s parents). Under the name, date of birth and death dates etc, the headstone inscriptions state that the grandparents were killed by Comanche Indians.

    The gravestone that may hold the key to Ethan’s hate. 

Screenshot by me.

It took me a few viewings to pick up on the details above, but that detail now makes me think those deaths are actually the reason for why Ethan hates Indians so much. He doesn’t hate these people for who they are, but he does hate them for what they did. I personally think he would be just as hateful towards anyone who had done that to his family.

It also explains why he lets Martin stay with him on his trek. If he was a racist and hated Indian people for who they are, then I’m sure that he wouldn’t have wanted to be around Martin at all because of his heritage. I think all of this information adds another layer to this film and to Ethan’s character. I also like how we see that he has clearly studied the Comanche culture very closely. Ethan knows more about them than any of the other white men and women we see in the film.

What’s so interesting about Ethan and his issues is that Ford does not spoon feed any of this information to us, it’s there if you look out for it and pay close attention, but it’s not immediately obvious. to the viewer. We are left to make up our minds about Ethan and his attitudes. The ambiguity about his character is part of what makes this such a fascinating film to watch, and I think it also helps make it a film that is far from a typical Western.

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Henry Brandon as Chief Scar. Screenshot by me.

I have also always thought that Ethan and Scar may have had dealings before, the way they look at one another when they meet, and how Ethan’s hatred seems to lift after his confrontation with him has always led me to believe Ethan hated him for what he had done to his family and perhaps for something else he had done. Listen to what he tells Martin about the woman’s hair they find in Scar’s tent. How could Ethan know that information unless he had been present at the event he mentions?

I also really love how so much of the violence and horror in this film is suggested to us by Ford. The horror Ethan finds at his destroyed home and the state of his families bodies don’t need to be seen by us in detail because we can imagine all too well what has been done to them. The reactions of Wayne and Hunter in this scene also convey to us just how horrible the situation is.

When we find out what happened to Lucy, again we don’t need to see that  in graphic detail. The way Wayne describes what he found when searching for Lucy, and his haunted look when he speaks, tell us everything we need to know about what he came across in that canyon. These are two very powerful examples of how suggestion can be even more disturbing and effective as showing us terrible things in graphic detail.

I also like how Ford shows us that white people also committed plenty of atrocities against the Native American Indians; it wasn’t all one sided with the Indians as the villains they were so often painted as being. This is depicted best in the sequence where the army ride through and destroy an Indian settlement. Ethan and Martin arrive at the settlement later and find the inhabitants all slaughtered. That was really quite a bold thing for Ford to put in the film I think.

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Jeffrey Hunter as Martin. Screenshot by me.

The heart of the film lies in the desperate attempts to find Debbie(played as an adult by Natalie Wood) Martin fears for her because he is starting to believe Ethan may kill her if he ever finds her because she will be so changed. But Ethan is unpredictable and perhaps Martin need not worry so much.

If there is a downside to this film I think it certainly lies with two things. Firstly having white actors play Indian characters. I totally understand that was accepted back in the day, but I’ve just never understood why Native American actors couldn’t have been cast at the time.

Also the lack of screen time for the female characters bothers me. This story is not only Ethan’s story. I would have liked to have seen more of Martha, Mrs. Jorgensen(Olive Carey), Debbie, and of Laurie. When these characters are on screen the actresses playing them certainly do their best, and they all make an impact delivering solid performances, but it never feels like we get to know them as much as many of the male characters in the film.

I’d also like to have seen a few more scenes of Ethan and the older Debbie reconnecting on the journey home. I also think the film ended a bit abruptly. Debbie faces emotional trauma as she gradually comes to remember what happened as a child. There will no doubt be years of reconnecting with those she hasn’t seen for a long time lying ahead for her. I think it would have been good if we had got a taste of some of that at least. It’s like the film ended a bit too quick, without really addressing the difficult stage that comes next for the characters.

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Vera Miles as Laurie. Screenshot by me.

The entire cast are superb. Vera Miles provides good support as the strong Laurie, the strong daughter of the west who loves Martin. Wayne delivers a fine performance as a complex and bitter man who is needed to confront violence with violence, but who has no place in the civilised world and society that remain after such acts have been finished; hence that famous final shot of the door closing on him. Natalie Wood is good as a young woman torn between two worlds and communities. I just wish we could have seen more of Natalie in the film.

My favourite scenes are the following. The river shootout. Laurie pouring water all over Martin. Ethan being asked what he had found back in the canyon, we see he is traumatised and we can guess what he found. The raid on the ranch. Ethan coming back to find the ranch ablaze. Ethan chasing Debbie.

The Searchers is a thrilling psychological Western, featuring stunning visuals, and a truly magnificent score by Max Steiner.

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That famous final shot. Screenshot by me.

This is Ford at his best. His film shows us the good things about the old west; such as the strong community bond, people willing to help strangers, people risking all to start new communities. We also see the bad side of the west; such as the violence, the death, and we also get a sense of the old and open country of the west starting to disappear, as white men move out into the land of the Native Americans.

I urge you all to see this one on Blu-ray, the picture is so clear that it looks like it was made today. Seeing this in such good quality makes me long to see this masterpiece up on the big screen as it was intended to be shown.

 

Edit 14.04.2018: I am entering this into Thoughts All Sorts Great Western Blogathon. Find all the entries here. 

I’d love to know what you think of this film. Please leave your comments below.

 

 

 

 

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13 thoughts on “The Searchers (1956)”

  1. Nice review! I’m going to be reviewing this myself for the upcoming Favorite Directors blogathon. I just finished reading Glenn Frankel’s book The Searchers: The Making of an American Legend and found it utterly fascinating — working on a review of it for my book blog.

    Sorry if I’m flooding you with comments — I’m really enjoying your blog, and have a bit of free time this week, so I’ve been taking advantage of that to read lots of your posts!

    Liked by 2 people

    1. Thanks so much! Looking forward to reading your review. I have never actually read the book, but I understand it is different from the film. I’m enjoying your blog very much too. I’m having trouble leaving comments on none wordpress blogs(other wordpress users are having the same issue, and it’s so annoying)so I’m afraid I can’t leave comments on your blog at the moment, but I will certainly keep reading your posts.

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      1. Oh, how vexing! I have both my blogs set so anyone can comment, even anonymously, and it says you can use a WordPress account, but I guess such is not always the case. Phooey! Well, if you ever figure out how to comment (be it anonymously or with a Google-linked account or whatever), I’d love to hear from you.

        I haven’t read the book The Searchers by Alan LeMay either, but this was a book all about the background of the book and film, and I thought it was really interesting. Hoping to have my review done soon.

        Liked by 1 person

    1. Thanks so much Gary. I have never heard anyone else ever mention this motive in discussions or reviews of the film. It took me a few viewings to pick up on the headstone inscriptions. This is why I like this film so much because information isn’t drip fed to us, but it is there if we look for it.

      Liked by 1 person

  2. I’ve seen most of the Ford/Wayne collaborations such as Stagecoach and the cavalry films (She Wore a Yellow Ribbon etc) but it’s a long time since I watched The Searchers. I do remember that the beautiful Technicolor and VistaVision made the impressive, haunting scenery look even more dazzling and enveloping. I actually bought the Blu-ray a long time ago so I really have no excuse. Maybe your post will spur me to finally revisit this film.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. It looks stunning on Blu, so clear and vibrant. Hope you enjoy the film when you watch it again. I don’t think this one will ever lose its power to disturb and move audiences. This is a film I would love to see at the cinema to see it as it was intended to be watched.

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  3. Ah, The Searchers. Not only (for me) Wayne’s greatest film, but one of the best movies ever made, period. I really like your review. It’s making me want to reach for the DVD copy on my shelf here …

    Liked by 1 person

  4. The first time I saw this it was in the company of Lana Wood! I got to meet her and she had a q and a about the film! It was a surreal experience- It was amazing! and I will never forget it- but this film demands many many viewings and I need to rewatch soon!

    Liked by 1 person

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